Agricultural Engineering Courses in India have a great significance in the development of the country as Agriculture forms a major source of revenue. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is the apex body for coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in Agriculture including Horticulture, Fisheries and Animal Sciences in India. ICAR, New Delhi, conducts All India Entrance Exam to fill 15% seats in all Agriculture Universities all over India. Agricultural engineering is the application of principles, knowledge and techniques of one or all branches of engineering, science and technology to agricultural production and processing. It's objective is to find out the solution of the problems in the field of agriculture for increasing agricultural productivity, increasing the standard of living of farmers. Agricultural Engineers utilise engineering principles to all activities related to agriculture and horticulture. Improvement in agricultural farm machinery, farm structures, rural electrification, bio-gas, new technologies in the design and manufacture of agricultural products and also conservation of soil and water are some of the jobs handled by an agricultural engineer.
The study of this field includes all or few of these –
Crop Production Technology
Fundamentals of soil science
Agricultural Marketing and Transfer of Technology
Food Plant Design, Food Safety and Management
To generate technology for augmenting technically upgraded agriculture productivity and farm returns, consistent with the socio-economic and cultural needs of the farming community on a suitable basis.
Finding out the solution of the problems for increasing agricultural productivity, increasing the standard of living of farmers and increasing the overall earnings per worker
To be creative and a acquire keen interest in agricultural activities and recognise a challenge to improve agricultural production by means of better engineering methods and equipment.
The basic eligibility criteria for a candidate aspiring to be an Agricultural Engineer is graduate degree - B.E / B. Tech. or at least a diploma in any one of the several branches of Engineering. To do a B.E. in Agricultural Engineering eligibility is 10+2, with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and preferably Biology.
There are also 17 Regional Engineering colleges all over the country which offer admission in various branches of engineering, on the basis of marks obtained in the Class 12 examination.
There is also the (AMIE) Associate Membership Examination of the Institute of Engineers which enables working people in the private and public sector, or diploma holders to acquire a Bachelor's degree through distance education, for career advancement.
Agricultural Engineering Colleges in India and Universities
Employment Opportunities are abundant for Agriculture Engineers as career opportunities exist in product engineering, equipment research and design, facilities design, environmental consulting, and engineering management. Agricultural engineering jobs in India are mostly pursued in central and state government bodies agriculture and agriculture engineering, agro industry, minor irrigation corporation, Food corporation of India, National Seed Corporation of India, National Diary Development Board, Agriculture Research Organization, Agriculture university, Diary and food industries, Nationalized Bank, Agriculture machinery manufacturing organization, tea gardens etc.
Some Job Types
Product Design Engineer
Directors Of Institutes
Assistant Directors-General And Deputy Directors-General
Some Employment Areas
Government Sector including the railways, municipal corporations, telecommunications departments etc.
Public Sector organisations
As commissioned officers in the defence services
Research organisations and laboratories
As technical experts on engineering projects in banks and financial corporations