B.A. Psychology or Bachelor of Arts in Psychology is an undergraduate psychological course. Psychological is the scientific study of mental functions and behaviour. In a more vivid way B.A. (Psychology) course involves study of mind processes, motives, reactions, feelings, conflict resolution, crisis management, groupthink, motivation and nature of the mind. The duration of Bachelor of Arts in Psychology is three years and the curriculum comprising three part plus some modules.
B.A. Psychology Eligibility
The basic eligibility criterion for pursuing B.A. (Psychology) degree is qualifying 10+2 or equivalent examination in any stream from a recognised board of the country.
1. Introduction – Definition, Nature, Scope, Methods, Branches of Psychology 2. Sensory Processes and Perception - a.) Sensation – Attributes, Modality, Characteristics of Sensory Processes. b.) Difference between Sensation and Perception, Determinants of Perception. Gestalt Theory of perception. c.) Attention – Determinants of Attention. Fluctuation, Oscillation and Shifts. 3. Emotion – Nature, Basic Emotions, Physiological Correlates of Emotion.
Biological Bases of Behaviour
4. a) CNS – Brain and Spinal Cord b) PNS- Nerve Cell and its functions. Receptors and Effectors. 5. Endocrine Glands – Pituitary and Adrenal.
Module 1.2 (Theory)
1. Introduction – Definition, scope, methods. 2. Heredity and Environment – Principles of heredity; Influence of Heredity and Environment on Development. 3. Child Development – Prenatal development; Postnatal development up to adolescence – physical and social.
4. Introduction: Definition, Scope and Methods. Relation of Psychology with Education. 5. Learning Theories – Trial and Error. Classical. Operant and Insight. 6. Memory and Forgetting – a) Encoding, Storage, Retrieval. Sensory, STM, LTM. c) Decay, Interference, Retrieval failure, Motivated forgetting. 7. Intelligence – a) Definition, Nature, Measurement 8. Exceptional Children – Gifted, MR.
Part II (Paper II A)
Module 2.1 (Theory)
1. Introduction: Nature, scope and methods 2. Social Interaction: Conformity; Cooperation; Norms, Attitude and Values. 3. Group: Nature of groups; Influence of group on individual behaviour; crowd and mob behaviour. 4. Social issues: Public opinion and Propaganda.
5. Introduction: Aim, scope and methods. 6. Work and Environment: Illumination, Ventilation, Temperature, Noise. Accidents in Industry: Causes and Prevention.
Module 2.2 (Paper II-B)
1. Frequency Distribution and Graphical Representation (Polygon, Histogram, Bar Diagram, Pie Chart). 2. Measures of Central Tendency (Both long and short method) 3. Span of Attention; Fluctuation of Attention (Determination using intensity) 4. Assessment of Intelligence by a suitable Culture Fair Test – (Raven’s Progressive Matrices Test). 5. Assessment of intelligence by a performance test – Dearborn’s Form board OR KOH’s block design.
Module 2.3 (Paper III-A)
1. Introduction: Definition of psychopathology. Concept of abnormality: Criteria of normality. 2. Determinants of Abnormal Behaviour: a) Biological; b) Psychological; c)Socio-Cultural 3. Methods of studying abnormal behaviour: Case History; Interview; Psychometric; Projective. 4. Symptoms of: I) Schizophrenia – Paranoid; Disorganized; Catatonic; Undifferentiated and Residual Type. II) Mood Disorders – Major Depressive and Dysthymic disorders. III) Anxiety Disorders – Generalized Anxiety Disorder; Phobia; Obsessive and Compulsive Disorder.
5. Introduction: Concept of adjustment; Mental Health; Mental Hygiene; Criteria and factors of adjustment. 6. Stress: Concept, Types of Stress, Frustration and Conflict. 7. Reaction to stress: Generalized principles of adjustive behaviour; Task oriented and defence oriented reaction patterns. 8. Freudian Concept of Mind: Conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. Structure of Mind – Id, Ego and Superego.
Module 2.4 (Paper III-B)
1. Measures of variability – AD, SD, Quartile 2. Correlation – Rank difference. 3. Determination of the affective values of colours by the method of impression. 4. Assessment of neurotic evidence of personality by any suitable test (KNPI). 5. Designing and conducting experiments on Memorial) Learning method using nonsense and meaningful materials. Whole vs. Part learning.
Part III (Paper IV-A)
Module 3.1 (Theory)
Guidance and Counselling I
1. Concept of Guidance and Counselling. 2. Special areas of Counselling – Educational, Vocational, Family, Marriage, Old age and Health. 3. a) Counselling Process – Steps of Counselling; Factors influencing counselling. b) Methods - Directive and Non-directive.
Guidance and Counselling II
4. a) Psychological Tests: Types, Characteristics and Uses. b) Aptitude, Interest and Personality tests. 6. Non-test Appraisal Techniques: Case Study, Cumulative Record Card.
Module 3.2 (Paper IV-B)
1. Personality test – EPQ 2. Verbal Intelligence Test – Terman- Merrill 3. Strong and Deb Vocational Interest Blank or Guildford Zimmerman Interest Inventory 4. Aptitude Test – D.A.T (Selected Parts- Spatial Relation and Mechanical Aptitude).
Those who have good communication skills, patience, ability to work with all kinds of social / cultural and age groups are most appropriate for it.
Candidates having genuine interest in people, their behaviour and have empathy for their problems and the ability to understand people of different backgrounds and upbringing also can go for this course.
They should also have a genuine interest in people, their behaviour and have empathy for their problems.
How is B.A. Psychology Course Beneficial?
B.A. (Psychology) degree serves as a basis for further higher studies in this field such as M.A, Ph.D. and M Phil degree in Psychology, the successful completion of which makes one eligible for the post of a lecturer in any university / college.
The greatest scope after doing B.A in Psychology is that it not only makes you eligible but also gives you a fairly better chance to qualify the Indian Civil Services exams.
Law schools are a very common destination now-a-days for recent graduates in Psychology.
Applicants can also take up the job of teacher / instructor in several universities and colleges after attaining higher qualifications.