Diploma in Ophthalmology is a postgraduate Medical Ophthalmology Course. Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. During the course, students learn the properties of light and geometric optics, including refraction and reflection. Here, they understand how light bends and reflects through the eye is key to understanding the principles of vision. Some of the topics covered include that how glasses and contact lenses can improve refraction and reflection problems in the human eye. The duration of the course is one year but it may be more or less then this depending on rules and regulations of different institutes. The Diploma course is an important and career orienting one that opens many career opportunities for the candidates after its successful completion.
Diploma in Ophthalmology Eligibility
One must have completed his bachelor's degree in relevant field from a MCI recognized university or equivalent.
Diploma in Ophthalmology Syllabus
The following are study related subjects:
Subjects of Study
Applied Basic Sciences in Ophthalmology
Anatomy and Physiology
a) Anatomy of the eye and ocular adnexa b) Embryology of the eye and adnexa c) The visual pathways d) Anatomy and Physiology of motor mechanism e) Physiology of vision, colour vision, accommodation f) Binocular vision and its development g) Maintenance of intra ocular pressure h) The Neurology of vision (Visual pathway, papillary pathways and reaction) dark Adaptation. i) Optics – elementary Physiological optics, optics of radioscopy and other dark Room procedures and ophthalmic equipments. j) Physiology of aqueous humour and its circulation and maintenance of intraocular Pressure. k) Maintenance of corneal transparency. l) Tear circulation m) Blood aqueous barrier.
Pathology and Microbiology
a) Pathology of ocular and adnexal lesions (Inflammatory, neoplastic, lens specification etc) b) Microbiology of common organism affecting the eye – Bacteria Staph. Strepto – pneumococci, gonococci diphtheria, Morax axenfield bacillus, AFB, Lepra bacilli, pseudomonas etc. c) Virus – Herpes Zoster, Simplex, adenovirus, trachoma etc. d) Parasites, protozoa and fungi casuing coular lesion e.g., toxoplasma amoebiasis, toxocariasis, treponema, cysticercus, hydatid, microfilaria aspergillus, penicillium, candida etc.
a) Vitamin A and its metabolism b) Glucose metabolism c) Aqueous composition d) Biochemical aspects of cataract (Senile and diabetic) e) Thyroid function tests f) Tear film and its composition.
Pharmacology of drugs used in Ophthalmology-- a) Autonomic drugs – Sympathomimetic, Sympatholytics, cholinergic,anticholinergic agents etc. b) Antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents used in ophthalmology c) Anti-inflammatory agent – steroid and non-steroidal agents d) Anti virals and antifungals used in ophthalmology e) Local anaesthetics f) Dyes used in ophthalmology – fluorescein, rose Bengal etc. g) Tear Substitutes h) Drugs used to reduce intra ocular pressure (systemic and topical agents) i) Ocular penetration of systemically administered drugs and topical agents. j) Anti-mitotic agents and immunosuppressives
Clinical Ophthalmology including Refraction
Recent Advances including investigative therapeutic procedure, Community Ophthalmology including national programme, rehabilitation of blind.
They should have good communication and interpersonal skills and friendly behave towards the patients while treatment. Candidates must have positive outlook and attitudes as they have to encourage he patients while medication and other severe disease. They should be able to formulate topical therapies such cream, paste, lotion and ointment etc.
How is Diploma in Ophthalmology Course Beneficial?
Applicants can find employment can be found in sectors such as hospitals undertaken by state and central government. They also have opportunities available in NGOs, private hospitals, clinics, missionary hospitals and charitable hospitals run by railways and defence. Students can also take up research work with organizations such as ICMR. They have also the option of going private sectors such as nursing home, private hospitals and clinics because of high remunerations available. A student can also begin his/her career in research or teaching area after completing postgraduate and/or PhD degree in any specialized field of ophthalmology.