Diploma in Ophthalmology is a postgraduate Medical Ophthalmology Course. Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. During the course, students learn the properties of light and geometric optics, including refraction and reflection. Here, they understand how light bends and reflects through the eye is key to understanding the principles of vision. Some of the topics covered include that how glasses and contact lenses can improve refraction and reflection problems in the human eye. The duration of the course is one year but it may be more or less then this depending on rules and regulations of different institutes. The Diploma course is an important and career orienting one that opens many career opportunities for the candidates after its successful completion.
Diploma in Ophthalmology Eligibility
One must have completed his bachelor's degree in relevant field from a MCI recognized university or equivalent.
a) Anatomy of the eye and ocular adnexa b) Embryology of the eye and adnexa c) The visual pathways d) Anatomy and Physiology of motor mechanism e) Physiology of vision, colour vision, accommodation f) Binocular vision and its development g) Maintenance of intra ocular pressure h) The Neurology of vision (Visual pathway, papillary pathways and reaction) dark Adaptation. i) Optics – elementary Physiological optics, optics of radioscopy and other dark Room procedures and ophthalmic equipments. j) Physiology of aqueous humour and its circulation and maintenance of intraocular Pressure. k) Maintenance of corneal transparency. l) Tear circulation m) Blood aqueous barrier.
Pathology and Microbiology
a) Pathology of ocular and adnexal lesions (Inflammatory, neoplastic, lens specification etc) b) Microbiology of common organism affecting the eye – Bacteria Staph. Strepto – pneumococci, gonococci diphtheria, Morax axenfield bacillus, AFB, Lepra bacilli, pseudomonas etc. c) Virus – Herpes Zoster, Simplex, adenovirus, trachoma etc. d) Parasites, protozoa and fungi casuing coular lesion e.g., toxoplasma amoebiasis, toxocariasis, treponema, cysticercus, hydatid, microfilaria aspergillus, penicillium, candida etc.
a) Vitamin A and its metabolism b) Glucose metabolism c) Aqueous composition d) Biochemical aspects of cataract (Senile and diabetic) e) Thyroid function tests f) Tear film and its composition.
Pharmacology of drugs used in Ophthalmology-- a) Autonomic drugs – Sympathomimetic, Sympatholytics, cholinergic,anticholinergic agents etc. b) Antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents used in ophthalmology c) Anti-inflammatory agent – steroid and non-steroidal agents d) Anti virals and antifungals used in ophthalmology e) Local anaesthetics f) Dyes used in ophthalmology – fluorescein, rose Bengal etc. g) Tear Substitutes h) Drugs used to reduce intra ocular pressure (systemic and topical agents) i) Ocular penetration of systemically administered drugs and topical agents. j) Anti-mitotic agents and immunosuppressives
Clinical Ophthalmology including Refraction
Recent Advances including investigative therapeutic procedure, Community Ophthalmology including national programme, rehabilitation of blind.