Law is a system of rules, conduct or procedure which is necessary for establishing and maintaining a disciplined society. It is established by custom, agreement, or authority and is enforced through a set of institutions. It shapes politics, economics and society in various ways and acts as the best social mediator in relations between people.
The three main branches of government that act as the central institutions for interpreting and creating law are -
To implement and enforce the law and provide services to the public, a government's bureaucracy, the military and police are vital. While all these branches are created and bound by law, an independent legal profession and a vibrant civil society inform and support their progress.
Law governs a wide variety of social activities. These are -
Contract law - It regulates everything from buying a bus ticket to trading on derivatives markets.
Property law - It defines rights and obligations related to the transfer and title of personal and real property.
Trust law - It applies to assets held for investment and financial security, while tort law allows claims for compensation if a person's rights or property are harmed. If the harm is criminalised in penal code, criminal law offers means by which the state can prosecute the perpetrator.
Constitutional law - It provides a framework for the creation of law, the protection of human rights and the election of political representatives.
Administrative law - It is used to review the decisions of government agencies, while international law governs affairs between sovereign nation states in activities ranging from trade to environmental regulation or military action.
Some important subjects of law courses are -
Public international law
Importance of Law Courses
In any civilised society, law making becomes necessary to avoid any or at least minimise the chances of conflicts and disputes.
It is necessary to maintain the order in society.
It ensures peace by resolving matters in an orderly manner.
In the absence of laws or system of laws,there would be anarchy all over .
Violence would prevail if disputes were to be resolved forcefully without caring if the justice had been done or not.
If the laws are disregarded ,the crimes will prevail and would be unchecked.
Law has become a strong and versatile career option and has all the ingredients to make it an excellent career option. Law professionals can find employment in various courts of law, in government service both Central and State government, as teachers, as legal advisors in various companies, business houses, organisations etc. They can also do private practice as legal advisors, advocates, solicitors etc.