National Labour Day originated as a result of the US labour movement in the late 19th century. The history of the movement dates back to May 1, 1886. On this day several labour unions across the US went on strike, demanding a standard workday of eight hours. On May 4th there was bloodshed in Chicago's Haymarket Square. A bomb thrown by a revolutionist led to the deaths of a dozen people (including several police officers) and the injury of over 100 people. The day was never adopted as a public holiday in the USA but the workers’ movement and its claims echoed far and wide, reaching the four corners of the world, where May 1st started to become the focal point for demonstrations in favour of workers’ rights. International Socialist proclaimed the date International Labour Day in 1889. In 1890, May Day demonstrations were generalised and worldwide, from the USA and Canada, to Brazil, Cuba, Peru, Chile, and across Europe from Ireland to Russia.
To celebrate the economic and social achievements of workers, the majority of countries celebrate Labour Day on May 1. In U.S.A. it is celebrated on the first Monday of September. Several countries hold multi-day celebrations including parades, shows and other patriotic and labour-oriented events. However, in Northern Europe, Walpurgis Night is celebrated on the preceding night and this holiday merges with the Labour Day in some countries.
On this day various labour organizations across the country carry out processions and organize competitions for children belonging to labour class. In U.S.A. some public celebrations, such as fireworks displays, picnics and barbecues, are organized, but they are usually low key events. It is also the last chance for many people to take summer trips.
India started observing Labour Day beginning on May 1, 1927. It is a public holiday with processions carried out by various labour organizations. In Maharashtra and Gujarat (States in India) Labour Day is also known as 'Maharashtra divas' & 'Gujarat Diwas' as states of Maharashtra & Gujarat were created on the same day in 1960
Alternate Name - Labour Day, May Day, International Workers' Day, International Labour Day, National Labour Day
Holiday Status - It is a Holiday in majority of Countries.