Mewar University (MU) Courses

M.Tech. (Power System Engineering)
Duration:  2 Years 
Eligibility:  Graduation 
Eligibility Conditions:
A candidate for being eligible for admission to the Master of Technology in Power Systems Engineering in the faculty of engineering and technology should have passed B.Sc. (Engg.)/ B.Tech/ B.E. or any other equivalent degree in the relevant discipline / branch from any recognized Indian or foreign University.
A candidate should have at least 55% marks or equivalent CGPA in the qualifying examination (50% marks or equivalent CGPA for Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribes Candidates) on the basis of which the admission is being sought.
Overview of the Programme:
The normal duration of programme shall be four Semesters for regular students. However, in exceptional circumstances, only dissertation work may be extended and has to be completed within five years from the date of enrolment for this programme. This extension requires the prior approval of the ViceChancellor of the University.
The complete programme comprises of 12 theory courses (08 Core and 04 elective) and 02 Lab courses followed by a seminar and the research/ project work in the form of a dissertation. Student has to obtain at least D Grade to pass the examination (both internal and external examination separately) for all the courses specified in the scheme of the programme. The degree will be awarded on the basis of cumulative marks obtained in all the four semesters and the division obtained will be as under:
Course Structure
Coures Code 
Course Title 
Semester  I 

PSE611 
Advanced Power Systems Analysis 
PSE613 
Power System Operation and Control 
PSE615 
EHVAC/DC Transmission 
PSE 711/713/715 
ElectiveI 
PSE 721/723/725 
ElectiveII 
PSE617 
Power Systems SIM. LabI 
Semester  II 

PSE612 
Power Systems Dynamics and Stability 
PSE614 
Power Systems Protection and Relaying 
PSE616 
Flexible AC Transmission Systems 
PSE 712/714/716 
ElectiveIII 
PSE 722/7 24/726 
ElectiveIV 
PSE618 
Power Systems SIM. Lab II 
Semester  III 

PSE621 
Operation of Restructured Power Systems 
PSE623 
Distributed Generation 
PSE625 
Seminar 
Semester  IV 

PSE628 
Dissertation 
List of Elective  I 

PSE711 
Transient in Power Systems 
PSE713 
Power Apparatus and Machines 
PSE715 
Systems Theory 
List of Elective  II 

PSE721 
Power Quality 
PSE723 
Analysis of Inverters 
PSE725 
Control Systems Design 
List of Elective  III 

PSE712 
Power Systems Planning 
PSE714 
Advanced Electrical Drives 
PSE716 
Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems 
List of Elective  IV 

PSE722 
Electric Power Distribution Automation 
PSE724 
Wind Energy Conversion Systems 
PSE726 
Soft Computing Techniques 
Course Detail
Semester  I
PSE611 Advanced Power System Analysis
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 40 Marks
External Examination: 60 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Topological Analysis of Power Networks: Review of matrix operations, graph theory, and various circuit incidence matrices, primitive network and matrices, Formation of various network matrices by singular transformation/nonsingular transformation and interrelations.
Bus Impedance Algorithm: Partial network, building algorithm for bus impedance matrix, Addition of links, addition of branches, (considering mutual coupling) removal of links, modification of bus impedance matrix for network changes, Formation of bus admittance matrix and modification, Gauss elimination, Node elimination (Kron reduction), LU factorization, Schemes of Ordering, Sparsity, Calculation of Z bus elements for Y bus, Numerical examples.
Balanced and unbalanced network elements: Representation of three phase network elements, representation under balanced and unbalanced excitation, transformation matrices, symmetrical components, sequence impedances, unbalanced elements, three phase power invariance.
Short circuit studies: Network representations for single line to ground fault, line to line fault, LLG fault, and 3phase faults, network short circuit studies using Z bus, Short circuit calculations for various types of faults in matrix form, numericalexamples.
Load flow studies: Load flow and its importance. classification of buses, load flow techniques, Iterative solutions and computerflow charts using GaussSeidel and NewtonRaphson methods, Decoupled and fast decoupled methods, representation of regulating and off nominal ratio transformers and modification of Ybus, comparison of methods, numerical examples.
Introduction to ACDC load flow problems: formation and solutions.
Optimal Power Flow: Solution of Optimal Power Flow (OPF) – The gradient method, Newton’s method, Linear Sensitivity Analysis; LP methods – With real power variables only – LP method with AC power flow variables and detailed cost functions; Security constrained Optimal Power Flow; Interior point algorithm; Bus Incremental costs. Transient Stability Analysis.
Introduction, Numerical Integration Methods: Euler and Fourth Order RungeKutta methods, Algorithm for simulation of SMIB and multimachine system with classical synchronous machine model; Factors influencing transient stability, Numerical stability and implicit Integration methods.
Power system security: Power system security, Adding removing multiple lines, peacewise solution of interconnected systems, analysis of single and multiple contingencies using Z bus, analysis with sensitivity factors, system reduction for contingency and fault analysis.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE613 Power System Operation & Control
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 40 Marks
External Examination: 60 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Load Forecasting: Introduction – Estimation of Average and trend terms – Estimation of periodic components – Estimation of Stochastic components: Time series approach – Auto Regressive Model, AutoRegressive Moving – Average Models – KalmanFiltering Approach – Online techniques for non stationary load prediction.
Unit Commitment: Constraints in unit commitment – Spinning reserve – Thermal unit constraints – Other constraints – Solution using Priority List method, Dynamic programming method  Forward DP approach Lagrangian relaxation method – adjusting.
Generation Scheduling: The Economic dispatch problem – Thermal system dispatching with network losses considered – The Lambda – iteration method – Gradient method of economic dispatch – Economic dispatch with Piecewise Linear cost functions – Transmission system effects – A two generator system – coordination equations – Incremental losses and penalty factorsHydro Thermal Scheduling using DP.
Control of Power Systems: Review of AGC and reactive power control System operating states by security control functions – Monitoring, evaluation of system state by contingency analysis – Corrective controls (Preventive, emergency and restorative)  Energy control center – SCADA system – Functions – monitoring , Data acquisition and controls – EMS system.
State Estimation: Introduction to state estimation, Maximum likelihood WEighted Least Squares Estimation:  Concepts – Matrix formulation  Example for WEighted Least Squares state estimation ; State estimation of an AC network: development of method – Typical results of state estimation on an AC network – State Estimation by Orthogonal Decomposition algorithm – Introduction to Advanced topics : Detection and Identification of Bad Measurements , Estimation of Quantities Not Being Measured , Network Observability and Pseudo – measurements – Application of Power Systems State Estimation.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE615 EHV AC/DC Transmission
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 40 Marks
External Examination: 60 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Line Parameters and properties: Role of EHV AC Transmission, standard transmission voltages, average value of line parameters, power handling capacity.Line parameters Properties of bundled conductors, resistance, induction and capacitance of bundled conductor lines, temperature rise of conductors and current carrying capacity. Voltage gradients on conductors: Charge potential relations for multiconductor lines, surface voltage gradient on conductors, distribution of voltage gradient on sub conductors of bundle, voltage gradients on conductors in the presence of ground wires on towers, line loadability, effects of over load, reactive power limitations and over voltage problem.
Corona Effects: Corona loss, attenuation of traveling waves, audible noise, limits for audible noise, AN measurement and meters, Day night equivalent noise level, limits for radio interference fields, RI excitation function, measurements of RI, RIV, Excitation function.
Switching Over voltages: Origin of over voltages and their types, over voltages due to interruption of low inductive current and interruption of capacitive currents, Reduction of switching surges on EHV systems. Power frequency over voltages: Problems atpower frequency, noload voltage conditions and charging current, Double frequency transients Abnormal switching transients Current suppression capacitance switching Arcing groundTransformer inrush current –Ferro resonance neutral connections Transients in switching a three phase reactor –Three phase capacitor.
Electrostatic Field of EHV Lines: Effect of EHV line on heavy vehicles  calculation of electrostatic field of AC lines effect of high field on humans, animals, and plants  measurement of electrostatic fields  electrostatic Induction in unenergised circuit of a D/C line  induced voltages in insulated ground wires  electromagnetic interference.
General Aspects, Converter circuits and analysis: HVDC links  comparison –Economic, Technical performance – Reliability – Limitations  Properties of thyristor converter circuits assumptionsChoice of best circuit for HVDC convertersTransformer connections  Analysis with gate control but no overlap less than 60 degrees operation of inverters.
Bridge convertersAnalysis, Control, Protection and Harmonics Filters: Converter Inverter circuits for HVDC Transmissionbasic means of control –Power reversaldesired features of control – actual control characteristics. Converter disturbance –bypassaction in bridges commutation failurebasics of protectionDC ReactorsVoltage and current oscillationsCircuit breakers – Over voltage protectionCharacteristics and uncharacteristic harmonicstroubles due to harmonicsharmonic filtersConverter charts of direct current and voltage active and reactive power.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
Detail of Elective  I
PSE711 Transients In Power Systems
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 30 Marks
External Examination: 45 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Travelling Waves On Transmission Line: Lumped and Distributed Parameters – Wave Equation – Reflection, Refraction, Behaviour of Travelling waves at the line terminations – Lattice Diagrams – Attenuation and Distortion – Multiconductor system and Velocity wave. Computation of Power System Transients: Statistical approach for transients calculations, principle of digital computation – Matrix method of solution, Modal analysis, Ztransforms, Computation using EMTP – Simulation of switches and nonlinear elements.
Lightning, Switching And Temporary Overvoltages Lightning: Physical phenomena of lightning – Interaction between lightning and power system – Factors contributing to line design – Switching: Short line or kilometric fault – Energizing transients  closing and reclosing of lines  line dropping, load rejection  Voltage induced by fault – Very Fast Transient Overvoltage (VFTO).
Behaviour of Winding Under Transient Condition: Initial and Final voltage distribution  Winding oscillation  traveling wave solution  Behaviour of the transformer core under surge condition – Rotating machine – Surge in generator and motor.
Insulation CoOrdination: Principle of insulation coordination in Air Insulated substation (AIS) and Gas Insulated Substation (GIS), insulation level, statistical approach, coordination between insulation and protection level –overvoltage protective devices – lightning arresters, substation earthing, Protection of Power Systems against transients.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE713 Power Apparatus and Machines
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 30 Marks
External Examination: 45 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Generalized Theory of Electrical Machines: Introduction, primitive model, transformation, voltage equations for induction and synchronous machines.
Induction Machines: Abnormal running operation, effect of space harmonics, slip power control, capacitor selfexcitation of induction machines and its applications.
Transformers: Transformer as a mutually coupled circuit, equivalent circuit from coupled circuit approach.
Multicircuit Transformers: Advantage, theory, equivalent circuit, regulation, three circuit transformers, three phase autotransformers: Connections and Analysis, Parallel operation of dissimilar transformers. Harmonics; Inrush current phenomenon, effect of load and three phase connections. Sequence impedances in transformers.
Special Machines: Servomotors, stepper motors, synchros, reluctance motors, permanent magnet synchronous machines, permanent magnet brushless DC motors .
Modeling and Analysis: Modeling and analysis of Induction and Synchronous Machines; Computer Simulations of Induction and Synchronous machines.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE715 Systems Theory
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 30 Marks
External Examination: 45 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
State Variable Representation: IntroductionConcept of StateState equation for Dynamic SystemsTime invariance and linearityNonuniqueness of state modelState DiagramsPhysical System and State Assignment.
Solution of State Equation: Existence and uniqueness of solutions to Continuoustime state equationsSolution of Nonlinear and Linear Time Varying State equationsEvaluation of matrix exponentialSystem modesRole of Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors.
Controllability And Observability: Controllability and ObservabilityStabilizability and DetectabilityTest for Continuous time Systems Time varying and Time invariant caseOutput ControllabilityReducibilitySystem Realizations.
Stability: IntroductionEquilibrium PointsStability in the sense of LyapunovBIBO StabilityStability of LTI SystemsEquilibrium Stability of Nonlinear Continuous Time Autonomous SystemsThe Direct Method of Lyapunov and the Linear ContinuousTime Autonomous SystemsFinding Lyapunov Functions for Nonlinear Continuous Time Autonomous SystemsKrasovskii and VariableGradiant Method.
Modal Control: IntroductionControllable and Observable Companion FormsSISO and MIMO SystemsThe Effect of State Feedback on Controllability and ObservabilityPole Placement by State Feedback for both SISO and MIMO SystemsFull Order and Reduced Order Observers.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
Detail of Elective  II
PSE721 Power Quality
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 30 Marks
External Examination: 45 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Introduction: Introduction – Characterisation of Electric Power Quality: Transients, short duration and long duration voltage variations, Voltage imbalance, waveform distortion, Voltage fluctuations, Power frequency variation, Power acceptability curves– power quality problems: poor load power factor, Non linear and unbalanced loads, DC offset in loads, Notching in load voltage, Disturbance in supply voltage – Power quality standards.
NonLinear Loads: Single phase static and rotating AC/DC converters, Three phase static AC/DC converters, Battery chargers, Arc furnaces, Fluorescent lighting, pulse modulated devices, Adjustable speed drives.
Measurement and Analysis Methods: Voltage, Current, Power and Energy measurements, power factor measurements and definitions, event recorders, Measurement Error – Analysis: Analysis in the periodic steady state, Time domain methods, Frequency domain methods: Laplace’s, Fourier and Hartley transform – The Walsh Transform – Wavelet Transform.
Analysis And Conventional Mitigation Methods: Analysis of power outages, Analysis of unbalance: Symmetrical components of phasor quantities, Instantaneous symmetrical components, Instantaneous real and reactive powers, Analysis of distortion: On– line extraction of fundamental sequence components from measured samples – Harmonic indices – Analysis of voltage sag: Detorit Edison sag score, Voltage sag energy, Voltage Sag Lost Energy Index (VSLEI) Analysis of voltage flicker, Reduced duration and customer impact of outages, Classical load balancing problem: Open loop balancing, Closed loop balancing, current balancing, Harmonic reduction, Voltage sag reduction.
Power Quality Improvement: UtilityCustomer interface –Harmonic filters: passive, Active and hybrid filters –Custom power devices: Network reconfiguring Devices, Load compensation using DSTATCOM, Voltage regulation using DSTATCOM, protecting sensitive loads using DVR, UPQC –control strategies: PQ theory, Synchronous detection method – Custom power park –Status of application of custom power devices.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE723 Analysis of Inverters
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 30 Marks
External Examination: 45 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Analysis Of Inverters: Introduction to self commutated switches : MOSFET and IGBT  Principle of operation of half and full ridge inverters – Performance parameters – Voltage control of single phase inverters using various PWM techniques – various harmonic elimination techniques – forced commutated Thyristor inverters.
Three Phase Voltage Source Inverters: 80 degree and 120 degree conduction mode inverters with star and delta connected loads – voltage control of three phase inverters: single, multi pulse, sinusoidal, space vector modulation techniques.
Current Source Inverters: operation of sixstep thyristor inverter – inverter operation modes – load – commutated inverters – Auto sequential current source inverter (ASCI) – current pulsations – comparison of current source inverter and voltage source inverters.
Multilevel Inverters: Multilevel concept – diode clamped – flying capacitor – cascade type multilevel inverters  Comparison of multilevel inverters  application of multilevel inverters.
Resonant Inverters: Series and parallel resonant inverters  voltage control of resonant inverters – Class E resonant inverter – resonant DC – link inverters.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE725 Control System Design
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 30 Marks
External Examination: 45 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Conventional Design Methods: Design specifications PID controllers and compensators Root locus based design Bode based designDesign examples.
Design In Discrete Domain: Sample and HoldDigital equivalentsImpulse and step invariant transformationsMethods ofdiscretisationEffect of sampling Direct discrete design – discrete root locus Design examples.
Optimal Control: Formation of optimal control problemsresults of Calculus of variations Hamiltonian formulationsolution ofoptimal control problems Evaluation of Riccati’s equation State and output Regulator problemsDesign examples.
Discrete State Variable Design: Discrete pole placement state and output feedbackestimated state feedbackdiscrete optimal control dynamic programmingDesign examples.
State Estimation: State Estimation Problem State estimation Luenberger’s observernoise characteristics KalmanBucy filter Separation TheoremController DesignWiener filterDesign examples.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
Practical
PSE617 Power System Simulation LaboratoryI
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 25 Marks
External Examination: 25 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
List of Experiments
 Formulation of Bus Incidence matrices, A,B,C using MATLAB
 Formulation of Ybus with matrix A and using direct approach/Formulation of Jacobian matrix.
 Power flow analysis by NewtonRaphson method
 Power flow analysis by Fast decoupled method
 Formulation of Zbus using Zbus building algorithm
 Short circuit studies using Zbus
 Load frequency control for multiarea system using SIMULINK
 Contingency analysis: Generator shift factors and line outage distribution factors
 Economic dispatch using lambdaiteration method
 Unit commitment: Prioritylist schemes and dynamic programming
Semester  II
PSE612 Power System Dynamics & Stability
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 40 Marks
External Examination: 60 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Synchronous machine modeling for stability studies: Basic equations of a synchronous machine, the dq0 transformation, per unit representation, equivalent circuits for direct and quadrature axes, steady state analysis, transient performance, magneticsaturation`, equations of motion, swing equation, simplified model with ammortisseurs neglected, constant flux linkage model.
Modeling of Excitation and speed governing systems: Elements of excitation systems, types of excitation system, dc,ac and static excitation systems, system representation by block diagram and state equations, prime mover control system, Schematic of a hydroelectric plant, classical transfer function of a hydraulic turbine (no derivation), special characteristic of hydraulic turbine, electrical analogue of hydraulic turbine, Governor for Hydraulic Turbine: Requirement for a transient droop, Block diagram of governor with transient droop compensation, Steam turbine modelling: Single reheat tandem compounded type only and IEEE block diagram for dynamic simulation; generic speedgoverning system model for normal speed/load control function.
Small signal stability of power systems: Classification of Stability, Basic Concepts and Definitions: Rotor angle stability, The Stability Phenomena. Fundamental Concepts of Stability of Dynamic Systems: Statespace representation, stability of dynamic system, Linearisation, Eigen properties of the state matrix: Eigen values and eigenvectors, modal matrices, eigen value and stability, mode shape and participation factor. SingleMachine Infinite Bus (SMIB) Configuration: Classical Machine Model stability analysis with numerical example, Effects of Field Circuit Dynamics, effects Of excitation System, analysis of effect of AVR on synchronizing and damping components using a numerical example, Power System Stabiliser, analysis of stability withnumerical a example, multimachine systems.
Voltage Stability: Basic concepts related to voltage stability, voltage collapse, voltage stability analysis – static and dynamic analysis, the continuation power flow analysis, prevention of voltage collapse.
Subsynchronous Oscillations: Turbine generator tortional characteristics, tortional interaction with power systems controls, subsynchronous oscillations, tortional interaction between closely coupled units, hydrogenerator tortional characteristics.
Enhancement Of Small Signal Stability: Power System Stabilizer – Stabilizer based on shaft speed signal (delta omega) – Delta –POmega stabilizerFrequencybased stabilizers – Digital Stabilizer – Excitation control design – Exciter gain – Phase lead compensation – Stabilizing signal washout stabilizer gain – Stabilizer limits.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE614 Power System Protection and Relaying
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 40 Marks
External Examination: 60 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Equipment Protection :Types of transformers – Phasor diagram for a three – Phase transformerEquivalent circuit of transformer – Types of faults in transformers Over – current protection Percentage Differential Protection of Transformers  Inrush phenomenonHigh resistance Ground Faults in Transformers  Interturn faults in transformers  Incipient faults in transformers  Phenomenon of overfluxing in transformers  Transformer protection application chart .Electrical circuit of the generator –Various faults and abnormal operating conditionsrotor fault –Abnormal operating conditions; numerical examples for typical transformer and generator protection schemes.
Static Relays and Microprocessors based Relays: Over current relays: Instantaneous over current relays, definite time overcorrect relays, directional overcorrect relay, comparison with conventional relays, differential relays, operating and restraining characteristics, types of differential relays, comparison with conventional relays, distance relays, impedance relays, reactance relays, mho relay quadrilateral relays, elliptical relays, comparison with conventional relays.
Over Current Protection: Time–Current characteristicsCurrent setting – Time settingOver current protective schemes  Reverse power or directional relay  Protection of parallel feeders  Protection of ring feeders  Earth fault and phase fault protection  Combined Earth fault and phase fault protection scheme  Phase fault protective scheme directional earth fault relay  Static over current relays; numerical example for a radial feeder.
Distance and Carrier Protection of Transmission Lines: Braw back of over – Current protection – Introduction to distance relay – Simple impedance relay – Reactance relay – mho relays comparison of distance relay – Distance protection of a three – Phase linereasons for inaccuracy of distance relay reach  Three stepped distance protection  Trip contact configuration for the three  Stepped distance protection  Threestepped protection of threephase line against all ten shunt faults  Impedance seen from relay side  Threestepped protection of double end fed linesneed for carrier – Aided protection – Various options for a carrier –Coupling and trapping the carrier into the desired line section  Unit type carrier aided directional comparison relaying – Carrier aided distance schemes for acceleration of zone ΙΙ.; numerical example for a typical distance protection scheme for a transmission line.
Bus bar Protection: Introduction – Differential protection of busbarsexternal and internal fault  Actual behaviors of a protective CT  Circuit model of a saturated CT  External fault with one CT saturation :need for high impedance – Minimum internal fault that can be detected by the high – Stability ratio of high impedance busbar differential scheme  Supervisory relayprotection of three – Phase busbarsNumerical examples on design of high impedance busbar differential scheme.
Numerical Protection: Introduction – Block diagram of numerical relay  Sampling theorem Correlation with a reference wave – Least error squared (LES) technique  Digital filteringnumerical over  Current protection – Numerical transformer differential protectionNumerical distance protection of transmission line.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE616 Flexible Ac Transmission Systems
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 40 Marks
External Examination: 60 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Introduction and FACTS general concepts: Reactive power control in electrical power transmission lines –Uncompensated transmission line  series compensation and shunt compensation – Basic concepts of series, shunt, and combination of series and shunt compensators, their description and definitions.
Static Shunt Compensator (SVC) and Applications: objectives of shunt compensation, methods of controllable VAR generation, SVC, Voltage control by SVC – Advantages of slope in dynamic characteristics – Influence of SVC on system voltage – Design of SVC voltage regulator –Modelling of SVC for power flow and transient stability – Applications: Enhancement of transient stability – Steady state power transfer – Enhancement of power system damping – Prevention of voltage instability, Static VAR systems.
Static Series Compensators, TCSC and Applications: Objectives of series compensation, Operation of the TCSC – Different modes of operation – Modelling of TCSC and their comparison, Variable reactance model, Modelling for Power Flow and stability studies. Applications: Improvement of the system stability limit – nhancement of system dampingSSR Mitigation.
Voltage Source Converter Based FACTS Controllers: Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) – Principle of operation – VI Characteristics. Comparison with SVC, Applications: Steady state power transferEnhancement of transient stability  Prevention of voltage instability. SSSCoperation of SSSC and the control of power flow –Modelling of SSSC in load flow and transient stability studies, comparison with TCSC, Applications: SSR MitigationUPFC and IPFC operating principles and their characteristics, control structure, applications.
CoOrdination of FACTS Controllers: Controller interactions – SVC – SVC interaction – Coordination of multiple controllers using linear control techniques – Control coordination using genetic algorithms.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
Detail of Elective  III
PSE712 Power System Planning
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 30 Marks
External Examination: 45 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Load Forecasting: Objectives of forecasting  Load growth patterns and their importance in planning  Load forecasting Based on discounted multiple regression techniqueWeather sensitive load forecastingDetermination of annual forecastingUse of AI in load forecasting.
Generation System Reliability Analysis: Probabilistic generation and load models Determination of LOLP and expected value of demand not served –Determination of reliability of iso and interconnected generation systems.
Transmission System Reliability Analysis: Deterministic contingency analysisprobabilistic load flowFuzzy load flow probabilistic transmission system reliability analysisDetermination of reliability indices like LOLP and expected value of demand not served.
Expansion Planning: Basic concepts on expansion planningprocedure followed for integrate transmission system planning, current practice in IndiaCapacitor placer problem in transmission system and radial distributions system.
Distribution System Planning Overview: Introduction, sub transmission lines and distribution substationsDesign primary and secondary systemsdistribution system protection and coordination of protective devices.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE714 Advanced Electric Drives
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 30 Marks
External Examination: 45 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Motor drive – Selection of drives – Power converters – DC motor speed control – Filed and armature control – Fourquadrant operation – Phasecontrolled converters – 1 phase and 3phase – Steadystate analysis of 3phase converter – Controlled DC motor drive – Transfer functions of the subsystems – Design of controllers – Twoquadrant DC motor drive with field weakening – Fourquadrant DC motor drive – Choppercontrolled DC motor drive – Steadystate analysis – Closedloop operation – PWM current controller – Hysteresis current controller.
3phase induction motor – Equivalent circuit – Steadystate performance equations – Dynamic modeling of induction machines – 3phase to 2phase transformation – Powerequivalence – Generalized model in arbitrary reference frame – stator reference frame model –Rotor reference frame model – Synchronously rotating reference frames model – Equations in flux linkages.
Phase controlled induction motor drives – Stator voltage control – Closed loop operation – Slipenergy recovery scheme – Closed loop control – Static scherbius drive – Stator frequency control – Constant volts/Hz control – Constant slipspeed control – Constant air gap flux control – control of harmonics – Phase shifting control – Pulsewidth modulation – Flux weakening operation – current source induction motor (CSIM) drives – closed loop CSIM drive system.
Vector controlled induction motor drives – Direct vector control – Vector control with space vector modulation – Indirect vector control scheme – flux weakening operation – Direct torque control (DTC) – Permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) drives – Vector control – Sensor less PMSM drive – permanent magnet brushless DC motor drive.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE716 Power Electronics For Renewable Energy Systems
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 30 Marks
External Examination: 45 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Introduction: Environmental aspects of electric energy conversion: impacts of renewable energy generation on environment (costGHG Emission)  Qualitative study of different renewable energy resources: Solar, wind, ocean, Biomass, Fuel cell, Hydrogen energy systems and hybrid renewable energy systems.
Electrical Machines For Renewable Energy Conversion: Review of reference theory fundamentalsprinciple of operation and analysis: IG, PMSG, SCIG and DFIG.
Power Converters: Solar: Block diagram of solar photo voltaic system Principle of operation: line commutated converters (inversionmode)  Boost and buckboost converters selection Of inverter, battery sizing, array sizing, three phase AC voltage controllers ACDCAC converters: uncontrolled rectifiers, PWM Inverters, Grid Interactive Invertersmatrix converters.
Analysis of Wind and PV Systems: Stand alone operation of fixed and variable speed wind energy conversion systems and solar systemGrid connection Issues Grid integrated PMSG and SCIG Based WECSGrid Integrated solar system.
Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems: Need for Hybrid Systems Range and type of Hybrid systems Case studies of WindPVMaximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT).
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
Detail of Elective  IV
PSE722 Electric Power Distribution Automation
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 30 Marks
External Examination: 45 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Introduction: Why distribution automation, power delivery systems, control hierarchy, DA concept, distribution automation system, basic architectures and implementation strategies for DA.
Central Control and Management: Why power stystem control, operation environment of distribution networks, evolution of Distribution management systems, basic distribution management function, basis of a real time control system, outage management, decision support applications, database structures and interfaces.
Distribution Automation and Control Functions: Introduction, Demand side management, Voltage/Var control, fault detection, restoration function, reconfiguration of distribution systems, power quality.
Intelligent Systems in Distribution Automation: Distribution automation function, artificial intelligent methods, intelligent systems in DA, fault detection, classification and location in distribution systems.
Renewable Energy Options and Technology: Distributed generation, classification of renewable energy, renewable energy options, other nonrenewable energy sources, distributed generation concepts and bemefits, examples.
Distribution management Systems: DMS and EMS, function of EMS, SCADA, remote terminal units, distribution management systems, Distribution system analysis, Feeder automation, load management systems, GIS, customer information system, automatic meter reading, advance billiong, advances in AMR technology, cost benefit analysis in DS.
Communication System for Control and Automation: Communication and distribution automation, DA communication and link options, wireless communication, wire communication, DA communication and control, DA communication architecture, DA communication user interface.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE724 Wind Energy conversion Systems
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 30 Marks
External Examination: 45 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Introduction: Components of WECSWECS schemesPower obtained from windsimple momentum theoryPower coefficient Sabinin’s theoryAerodynamics of Wind turbine.
Wind Turbines: HAWTVAWTPower developedThrustEfficiencyRotor selectionRotor design considerationsTip speed ratioNo. of BladesBlade profilePower Regulationyaw controlPitch angle controlstall controlSchemes for maximum power extraction.
Fixed Speed Systems: Generating Systems Constant speed constant frequency systems Choice of GeneratorsDeciding factorsSynchronous GeneratorSquirrel Cage Induction Generator Model of Wind Speed Model wind turbine rotor – Drive Train modelGenerator model for Steady state and Transient stability analysis.
Variable Speed Systems: Need of variable speed systemsPowerwind speed characteristicsVariable speed constant frequency systems synchronous generator DFIG PMSG Variable speed generators modeling  Variable speed variable frequency schemes.
Grid Connected Systems: Stand alone and Grid Connected WECS systemGrid connection IssuesMachine side & Grid side controllersWECS in various countries
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE726 Soft Computing Techniques
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 30 Marks
External Examination: 45 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Introduction: Approaches to intelligent control. Architecture for intelligent control. Symbolic reasoning system, rulebased systems, the AI approach. Knowledge representation. Expert systems.
Artificial Neural Networks: Concept of Artificial Neural Networks and its basic mathematical model, McCullochPitts neuron model, simple perceptron, Adaline and Madaline, Feedforward Multilayer Perceptron. Learning and Training the neural network. Data Processing: Scaling, Fourier transformation, principalcomponent analysis and wavelet transformations. Hopfield network, Selforganizing network and Recurrent network. Neural Network based controller.
Fuzzy Logic System: Introduction to crisp sets and fuzzy sets, basic fuzzy set operation and approximate reasoning Introduction to fuzzy logic modeling and control, Fuzzification, inferencing and defuzzification Fuzzy knowledge and rule bases, Fuzzy modeling and control schemes for nonlinear systems Selforganizing fuzzy logic control Fuzzy logic control for nonlinear timedelay system.
Genetic Algorithm: Basic concept of Genetic algorithm and detail algorithmic steps, adjustment of free parameters, Solution of typical control problems using genetic algorithm. Concept on some other search techniques like tabu search and anDcolony search techniques for solving optimization problems.
Applications: GA application to power system optimisation problem, Case studies: Identification and control of linear and nonlinear dynamic systems using MatlabNeural Network toolbox, Stability analysis of NeuralNetwork interconnection systems, Implementation of fuzzy logic controller using Matlab fuzzylogic toolbox, Stability analysis of fuzzy control systems.
Practical
PSE618 Power System Simulation LaboratoryII
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 25 Marks
External Examination: 25 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
List of Experiments
 Smallsignal stability analysis of multimachine configuration with classical machine model using Power System Toolbox
 Transient stability study for multimachine system using power system toolbox/SIMULINK
 Learning power world simulator package and utilizing its capability for load flow studies, voltage stability studies, ATC etc.
 Load flow analysis with FACTS devices
 Transient stability analysis using RangeKutta method
 Available Transfer Capability calculation using an existing load flow program, power world simulator.
 PV/QV analysis using power world simulator
 Optimal power flow study using MATPOWER/Power World Simulator/GAMS.
 Available transfer capability determination with DC and AC PTDFs using MATLB program.
 Learning PSAT toolbox (available freely on waterloo site) and using for stability studies.
Semester  III
PSE621 Operation of Restructured Power Systems
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 40 Marks
External Examination: 60 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Deregulation of Electricity Supply Industries: What is deregulation?, different entities in deregulated electricity markets, background of deregulation around the world, benefits from competitive electricity markets, different key issues of competitive electricity markets, market Clearing Price(MCP)  Market operations: Dayahead and HourAhead Markets, Elastic and Inelasticdemand, technical challenges, Power System Restructuring and electricity reforms in India, key features of electricity act 2003.
Market Models: Market Models based on energy trading, contractual agreement: Pool & Bilateral models, different independent models, role of ISO, market power, Bidding and auction mechanisms, optimal power flow, economical load dispatch and unit commitment in deregulated environment, market models in Indian market context, and power trading in India.
Transmission Open Access and pricing issues: Power wheeling, transmission open access, cost component in transmission pricing, basic objectives, different methods of transmission pricing, Short run and long run marginal transmission price structure, development in international transmission pricing, reactive power pricing structure, and its calculation for generator’s reactive support, numerical examples, impact of FACTS devices on transmission pricing.
Transmission congestion management:, Transmission congestion, impact of transmission congestion, different methods of congestion management, financial transmission right, flow gate rights, market power and congestion issues, numerical examples, international experiences of transmission congestion management, security management: spinning reserves, interruptible load options.
Available transfer capability determination: Definitions, principles of ATC determination, factors affecting ATC, static and dynamic ATC, static ATC determination using DC power transfer distribution factors, AC power transfer distribution factors, ATC with line outage contingencies, LODFs with DC and AC, dynamic ATC and its determination, ATC enhancement with FACTS controllers, numerical examples.
Ancillary Services management: Description of ancillary services, types of ancillary services, ancillary service management in US, UK, Austrailia, Sweden etc., reactive power as an ancillary service and its management, AGC as an ancillary service, AGC pricing, spinning reserve, black start capability, ancillary services auction.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE623 Distributed Power Generation
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 40 Marks
External Examination: 60 Marks
Duration of Examination: 03 Hours
Photovoltaic, Fuel cells and MHD: Basic characteristics of sunlight solar energy resource photovoltaic cell – cell efficiencycharacteristics equivalent circuit photo voltaic for battery charging charge regulators PV modules battery backuplimitations equipments and systems types of fuel cells losses in fuel cells MHD generators application of MHD generation.
Wind Turbines and Embedded generation: Wind Sourcewind statistics energy in the wind aerodynamics rotor types – forces developed by blades aerodynamic models braking systemstower control and monitoring system power performance Wind driven induction generatorspower circle diagramsteady state performancemodellingintegration issuesimpact on central generationtransmission and distribution systemswind farm electrical design.
Isolated generation: Wind diesel systemsfuel savings permanent magnet alternatorsmodellingsteady state equivalent circuit self excited induction generators – integrated wind solar systems.
Other Renewable Sources and Bio fuels: Micro hydel electric systemspower potential scheme layoutgeneration efficiency and turbine part flow isolated and parallel operation of generators geothermaltidal and OTEC systemsclassification of bio fuels Conversion process applications.
Note: The examiner is required to set Eight questions in all carrying equal marks covering the entire syllabus. The candidate is required to attempt Five questions.
PSE – 625 Seminar
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 50 Marks
The student is required to deliver a seminar on some emerging topics of Manufacturing Systems Engineering. Senior faculty will supervise the students in selecting and preparation of the same. The student will submit two copies of seminar report and shall make oral presentation as per time schedule decided by the faculty concerned. Internal Evaluation will be made on the basis of report, presentation and the discussion during the presentation.
Semester  IV
PSE – 628 Dissertation
Internal Assessment/Evaluation: 150 Marks
External Examination: 250 Marks
The primary objective of this course is to enhance the student ability to analyze and carry out independent investigations etc. Each student will carry out independent work which should involve creativity, innovation and ingenuity. A dissertationsupervisor (s) having at least post graduate qualification, from industry/research organization shall be assigned to the student approved by the competent authority. In no case, the candidate can have more than two dissertation supervisors. Dissertation work shall comprise of literature survey, problem formulation, methodology used, S/W, H/W tools used, Results and discussion followed by the conclusions & further scope of work in that area. Industry oriented projects may be encouraged for the purpose.
The submission of dissertation shall be allowed only after ensuring that the research work carried out by the candidate has attained the level of satisfaction of the ‘Dissertation Supervisor (s)’ and proof of communication/acceptance of the research paper (if any, and certified in the report) in the relevant refereed journal/ conference. The final dissertation external examination in 4th semester shall be taken by a panel of examiners comprising of concerned Supervisor (s), one external examiner (from the relevant field) nominated/approved by the competent authority. Hard copies of dissertation, one for each supervisor (s), examiner and the university/ department, are required to be submitted by the student before the final dissertation external examination. The candidate shall appear before the examining committee for oral examination and presentation on the scheduled date.