Patna University is the 7th oldest University of the Indian subcontinent, which was established in the year 1917 to cater to the growing needs of higher education of Bihar, Orissa and Nepal. Since its birth, the University was fortunate to have the guidance and co-operation of eminent residents of Bihar and Orissa such as Hasan Imam (who became the President of Indian National Congress) Dr. Rajendra Prasad (the first President of our republic and an eminent freedom fighter), Sachidanand Sinha (the first President of the Constituent Assembly of India and the maker of the modern Bihar and the longest serving Vice-Chancellor of Patna University), Braj Kishore Prasad (a great freedom fighter) etc. The Patna University has played vital role in India’s struggle for independence against colonial domination and also in the task of national reconstruction during post-independence period. This was the centre of nationalist and revolutionary activities. One needs to recount the services rendered by Mazharul Haque, Rajendra Prasad, Sri Krisna Sinha, Dr. Sachidanand Sinha, Anugral Narain Sinha, Jay Prakash Narayan, B. P. Mandal, Karpoori Thakur, L. N. Mishra, Baliram Bhagat, Ram Dulari Sinha, Sidheshwar Prasad and many others, all alumni of this University. The Quit India Movement of 1947 had its loudest echoes in the portals of this institution. The Total Revolution of Jai Prakash Narayan in 1974 had its support base in this University. It is the only teaching and residential university in the populous State of Bihar. The University provides a number of professional courses at the graduation and post graduation level in areas of emerging importance like Biotechnology, Biochemistry, BCA, MCA, Fashion Designing, Sales Management, Business Management, Rural Management, Functional English, Saral Sanskrit Sambhashan, Journalism and Mass Communication etc. Out of thirteen constituent Colleges, three of them are exclusively meant for girls and the other eight are Co-educational Institutions where the number of girl students is fairly large. The University has a compact campus contiguously extending from Patna Women’s College to Patna Law College stretching over a distance of 10 km and situated on the bank of river Ganga.
Hostel accommodation - The University provides residential accommodation to about 50% of its Male Students and 100% Female Students.
The Central Library - The Central Library is the largest and oldest Library of Bihar established in the year 1919 and is catering to the needs of the students, teachers and research scholars not only of the University but of other institutions also. It is located in the centre of the campus and heart of the Town. The Library has been connected to Inflibnet and steps are being taken to computerize the working. The University Central Library is rendering its services to the teachers, students and researchers round the clock. The number of volumes at present is about 3,00,000 besides 87 periodicals and 50,000 back issues of Journals. It has more than 5000 valuable old manuscripts, which are very rare and are of much use to the research scholars. The number of thesis reports is around 15,000. The library caters to the needs of about 1000 readers daily and can accommodate 500 students.
U.G.C. Academic Staff College - The U.G.C. Academic Staff College impartia orientation Programmes and Refresher Courses in various subjects for the teachers of the country in general and Bihar in particular. But the U.G.C. Academic Staff College, Patna University is at present located in a small part of Department of Education Building in a Satellite campus in Dariyapur about 2 Km away from the main campus of the University. The space available to the college at present is inadequate. The other infrastructure facilities of the college are also poor.
Central Dispensary - The Central Dispensary, with 12 skilled doctors having M.D., M.S., And F.R.C.S. degrees have been catering to the needs of the students, teachers and non-teaching staff of the University. It is proposed to provide modern diagnostic facilities in the Dispensary along with a fully equipped Operation Theater along with other facilities. The University also proposes to set up three Satellite Centres to cater to the needs of students and the staff.
University Press - The University has its own Press with limited infrastructure facility and is located on the campus. It has two mono typing machines besides other related equipments and instruments.