After independence in 1947, The Indian government has recognized and considered education as one of the most important and foremost aspects for building a modern, educated and highly civilized progressive society based on high virtues. But to impart education to such a vast population having diverse cultural and demographic variations is always a demanding task. Determined to do the work at hand The government of India along with all the state governments has formed many subordinate and independent governing bodies for regulating the education system in India at all levels from pre primary to higher as well as technical education. The governing bodies include the most important CBSE, CISCE, the State Government Boards, the National Open School, the International School, along with higher and scientific educational control bodies like ISRO, AICET etc,
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is the principal governing body of education system in India. In fact it is considered as the back bone of organized education system of the country. It is in charge of conducting various examinations at the national level and also looks after the functioning of schools accredited to the central education system. The CISCE or the Council of Indian School Certificate Examination is actually a board for the Anglo Indian studies in India. This board conducts two different examinations, named the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education and the Indian School Certificate. The first examination is actually a k-10 examination for the Indian students, who have just completed class 10th. The second examination, named Indian school certificate is a k-12 public examination and it is conducted mainly for the students, studying in the class 12th.
Besides the CBSE and the CISCE- two premium educational organizations- the State Government Boards too play an ever important and significant role in the Indian education system at the state level. These boards are named as the State Board of Education (Punjab School Education Board - PSEB) and they bear the responsibilities of all kinds of education activities in their respective states. The National Open School, also known as the National Institute of Open Schooling was established by the Government of India in 1989, mainly for providing education to the students, who fail to attend formal schools. There is another education governing body in India, named the International School. This school controls the educational activities of those schools that are accredited to the curriculum of international standard.
Apart from these above mentioned basic education governing bodies, there are some other statutory bodies that govern the higher, technical as well as professional education in India. Each of these bodies is in charge of regulating different types of education in India, like the general education, medical education, technical education etc. The University Grants Commission (UGC) is the largest and most prominent organization among these bodies. It is responsible for coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of education besides release of grants, for the universities in India. Apart from the UGC, the other education governing bodies in India include the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), the Distance Education Council (DEC), the Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR), the Bar Council of India (BCI), the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), ICAI, ICSI etc. to name some of them.
List of some of the Governing Educational Bodies in India.