B.Sc. (Hons.) Botany

Bachelor of Science Honours in Botany

Duration: 3 Years
Level: Graduation
Type: Degree
Eligibility: 10+2 or Equivalent

B.Sc. (Hons.) Botany or Bachelor of Science Honours in Botany is an undergraduate Botany course. Botany is the science which treats of the structure of plants, the functions of their parts, their places of growth, their classification, and the terms which are employed in their description and denomination. B.Sc. (Hons.) Botany degree course includes the study of the structure, growth, development, and metabolism of a wide range of biological disciplines, including plants, algae and fungi. The Botany Honours course provides a complete training in plant forms, geographical distribution and taxonomy of flora, cytogenetic, molecular genetics, bio-technology and cell / seed biology, with special reference to Indian ecology, environment, commodities and forestry. B.Sc. (Hons.) Botany is a three years degree course and it is career orienting in nature that opens a lot jobs for the candidates and the course is being provided by many colleges / universities in the country.

B.Sc. (Hons.) Botany Eligibility

  • The basic eligibility criterion for pursuing B.Sc. (Hons.) (Botany) degree is qualifying 10+2 or equivalent examination in Science stream with a minimum of 50% marks secured in Biology subject and/or in aggregate from a recognized board of the country.
  • Also, some renowned colleges and institutes do conduct entrance examination to get admission to their B.Sc. (Hons.) (Botany) degree course. Selection to the degree course in these colleges is based on marks secured in the final merit i.e. total marks aggregated in the final exams of 10+2 and the entrance exam.

B.Sc. (Hons.) Botany Syllabus

Syllabus of Botany as prescribed by various Universities and Colleges.

Foundation Courses

Sr. No.

Subjects of Study


Humanities and Social Science (FHS)


Science and Technology (FST)


Bengali (FBG)


English (FEG)

Elective Honours Courses


Microbiology and Algae


Fungi, Lichen & Plant Pathology


Plant Anatomy & Applied Botany


Practical Botany I


Bryophyta & Pteridophyta, Gymnosperm & Palaeobotany


Morphology & Embryology, Taxonomy


Plant Physiology


Practical Botany II


Genetics, Evolution


Environmental Botany, Plant Geography


Plant Bio-Chemistry, Plant Molecular Biology


Practical Botany III


Cell Biology, Molecular Genetics


Biometry and Plant Breeding, Plant tissue culture


B.Sc. (Hons.) Botany Colleges

B.Sc. (Hons.) Botany Course Suitability

  • They should have clear and concise verbal and written communication skills, a high level of curiosity about the world around them, be creative in solving problems and good understanding of the scientific method and research.
  • Candidates should be detail oriented in their work, good interpersonal skills, and mental stamina to work for long hours.
  • Other qualities they should possess are the ability to work with microscopes as most of their work is in laboratory.
  • Computer skills are also essential part to be in these scientific studies and their mind should be so innovative that is looking for new findings in plant science thoroughly.

How is B.Sc. (Hons.) Botany Course Beneficial?

  • B.Sc. (Hons.) (Botany) degree serves as a basis for further higher studies in this field such as M.Sc., Ph.D. and M.Phil. degree in Botany as well as in Bio-chemistry, Bio-technology, Food Science, Biomedical Sciences, Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Environmental Sciences, Toxicology etc, the successful completion of which makes one eligible for the post of a lecturer in any university/college.
  • B.Sc. (Hons.) (Botany) degree holders have plenty of opportunities in the field of Research and Development (R & D), Pharmaceuticals and Chemical industries, Public Health and Environmental Protection Sectors, Clinical Research, etc.
  • B.Sc. (Hons.) (Botany) degree studies provide possible solutions to agricultural, horticulture and environmental problems.
  • B.Sc. (Hons.) (Botany) degree holders can also find jobs such as that of plant taxonomists in herbariums, which are responsible for classifying and identifying preserved plants and research-based jobs on medicine and food-related plants.

B.Sc. (Hons.) Botany Employment Areas

  • Agricultural Research Services
  • Biotechnology Firms
  • Botanical Survey
  • Colleges/Universities
  • Cosmetic Companies
  • Eco-botany
  • Environmental Management
  • Farm Management Organizations
  • Fermentation Industries (including Breweries)
  • Floriculture
  • Food and Herbal Industry
  • Food Institutes
  • Plant Genetics
  • Herbariums
  • Herbal Products Companies
  • Horticulture
  • Laboratories
  • Lumber and Paper Companies
  • Medical Research
  • Medical Laboratories
  • National Parks
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Research and Development Firms
  • Seed And Nursery Companies
  • Testing Laboratories

B.Sc. (Hons.) Botany Job Types

  • Botanist
  • Biological Technician
  • Conservationist
  • Ecologist
  • Environment Consultant
  • Ethno Botanist
  • Farming Consultant
  • Florist
  • Forester
  • Forest Ranger
  • Geneticist
  • Horticulturist
  • Molecular Biologist
  • Mycologist
  • Nursery Manager
  • Palaeobotanist
  • Plant Biochemist
  • Plant Explorer
  • Plant Pathologist
  • Plant Researcher
  • Taxonomist
  • Weed Scientist

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