Biology Courses in India

Biology Courses in India are one of the common Biology related Courses in India provided by various Biology Colleges in India. Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy. Biology is a vast field encompassing many subdivisions and disciplines. It finds application in many fields like medicine, agriculture, wildlife, animal husbandry, waste management etc. A Biologist is a Scientist who studies organisms and their relationship to their environment. Biologist conduct research and attempt to develop or improve medical, industrial or agricultural processes.

Modern Biology is based on Five Unifying Principles:

  1. Cell Theory.
  2. Evolution.
  3. Genetics.
  4. Homoeostasis.
  5. Energy.
List of Biology courses in India
Degree Courses in BiologyTotal Colleges
B.Sc. (Biological Science)
Bachelor of Science in Biological Science
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B.Sc. (Biology)
Bachelor of Science in Biology
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B.Sc. (Hons.) (Biological Science)
Bachelor of Science Honours in Biological Science
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BS-MS Dual Degree
Dual Degree in Biological Sciences
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M.Phil. (Plant Biology and Plant Biotechnology)
Master of Philosophy in Plant Biology and Plant Biotechnology
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M.Phil. (Plant Molecular Biology)
Master of Philosophy in Plant Molecular Biology
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M.Sc. (Applied Biology)
Master of Science in Applied Biology
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M.Sc. (Biological Sciences)
Master of Science in Biological Sciences
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M.Sc. (Biology)
Master of Science in Biology
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M.Sc. (Computational Biology)
Master of Science in Computational Biology
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M.Sc. (Conservation Biology)
Master of Science in Conservation Biology
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M.Sc. (Environmental Biology)
Master of Science in Environmental Biology
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M.Sc. (Environmental Microbiology)
Master of Science in Environmental Microbiology
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M.Sc. + Ph.D (Biological Sciences)
Master of Science in Biological Sciences
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Ph.D. (Biological Sciences)
Doctor of Philosophy in Biological Sciences
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Ph.D. (Plant Molecular Biology)
Doctor of Philosophy in Plant Molecular Biology
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Diploma Courses in BiologyTotal Colleges
Post Graduate Diploma in Computional BiologyView 1

Some of its specialized fields are -

  • Astrobiology - It is the study of evolution, distribution and future of life in the universe. It is also known as Exobiology, Exopaleontology, and Bioastronomy.
  • Biochemistry - It examines the rudimentary chemistry of life.
  • Cryobiology - It is the study of the effects of lower than normally preferred temperatures on living beings.
  • Ecology - It examines how various organisms interrelate with their environment.
  • Genetics - It is the study of genes and heredity.
  • Herpetology - It is the study of reptiles and amphibians.
  • Ichthyology - It is the study of fish.
  • Limnology - It is the study of inland waters.
  • Molecular Biology - It studies the complex interactions of systems of biological molecules.
  • Neurobiology - It is the study of the nervous system, including anatomy, physiology, even pathology.
  • Ornithology - It is the study of birds.
  • Parasitology - It is the study of parasites and parasitism.
  • Sociobiology - It is study of the biological bases of sociology.
  • Virology - It is the study of viruses and some other virus-like agents.

Biology Courses in India: Content

The study of this field includes all or few of these –

  1. Genetics.
  2. Evolution.
  3. DNA Structure & Replication.
  4. Principles of Microbiology.
  5. Practical’s.


  • To conduct research in frontier and multi-disciplinary areas of Modern Biology and seek potential applications of this work.
  • To provide facilities created out of research within the reach of the common people.
  • To utilise maximal use available facilities and improve and innovate these to make them more effective and productive.

Biology Courses in India: Basic Requirements

Candidates who have passed 10+2 in Science stream from a recognised University are eligible for pursuing B.Sc. in Biology.

Biology Colleges in India

  1. Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Mall Road, Delhi.
  2. Centre for Cellular & Molecular Biology, Hyderabad.
  3. Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata, West Bengal.
  4. School of Life SciencesUniversity of Hyderabad.
  5. Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer, Kharghar, Navi Mumbai.
  6. Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata, West Bengal.

Personal Attributes - One needs to have an inquisitive mind, good observation, evaluative and a problem solving mind. They should be adaptive enough to work as a team and work independently as and when required. As it is a field which requires research, one should have enough stamina. Biologist are also supposed to have patience and self discipline to conduct long and detailed research projects. 

Job Perspectives

Scientific Community is always on the lookout for bright, energetic and educated individuals with a strong understanding of Biology. Biotechnology and Molecular Biology are the top most areas of employment as experts are being required to manage dwindling natural resources. The advancement in technology has enhanced scientific research and as such new methods and techniques are being used in understanding genes and the whole human body. Agriculture sector requires scientists to develop better and improved crops. Medical sector requires improved and less harmful medicines. Organ regeneration and tissue culture is witnessing new breakthroughs. All this and much more make the field of Biology one of the most lucrative filed in science stream. Some of the major employers for Biologists in India are Indian Society of Cell Biology, Tata Memorial Centre, Bcs-Insilico Biology, AIIMS etc. 

Some Job Types

  • Lecturer.
  • Biology Researcher.
  • Consultant.
  • Museum Educator.
  • Laboratory Technician.
  • Doctor.
  • Biotech Engineer.
  • Natural Resources Manager.
  • Science Adviser.
  • Biology Content Developer.

Some Employment Areas

  • Research Firms.
  • Health Care Providers.
  • Environmental Management and Conservation.
  • Educational Institutes.
  • Agriculture Departments.
  • Defence Services.
  • Testing Laboratories.
  • Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology Industry.
  • Hospitals.
  • Space Research Institutes.
  • Wildlife and Fishery Departments.
  Page Views: 4880 | Updated On: 15-Dec-2011