B.Sc. Hons Horticulture or Bachelor of Science (Honors) in Horticulture is an undergraduate Agriculture Science and Technology course. Horticulture includes the study of the industry and science of plant cultivation particularly fruits, berries, nuts, vegetables, flowers, trees, shrubs, and turf. The study under B.Sc. (Hons) (Horticulture) includes theoretical study including plant identification, field study including basic surveying, technical study involving tools, machinery, hydraulics, safe work practices and Mapping. B.Sc. (Hons) (Horticulture) degree course covers topics such as plant propagation and cultivation, crop production, plant breeding and genetic engineering, plant biochemistry and plant physiology. The duration of the course is three years and it is career orienting in nature.
B.Sc. (Hons) Horticulture Eligibility
The basic eligibility criterion for pursuing B.Sc. (Hons) (Horticulture) degree is qualifying 10+2 or equivalent examination, with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as subjects studied at intermediate level. Some reputed colleges and institutes demand a minimum of 50% marks in 10+2 as qualifying criteria to secure admission in this degree course.
Some of the very reputed colleges and institutes also conduct entrance examination to get admission to their B.Sc. (Hons) (Horticulture) degree course. Selection to the degree course in these colleges is based on marks secured in the final merit i.e. total marks aggregated in the final exams of 10+2 and the entrance exam.
B.Sc. (Hons) Horticulture Syllabus
The following are study related subjects:-
Subjects of Study
Agri Business Management
Applied Physical Sciences
Applied Agro Informatics
Agricultural and Industrial Microbiology
Agricultural Finance, Marketing and International Trade
Agricultural Industrial Tie-up Programme (AITP)
Basic Electronics and Instrumentation Technology
Commercial Flower Production under Open Conditions
Commercial Horticulture and Bio-inputs
Construction and Management of Protected Structure
Crop Production, Post Harvest Handling and Marketing
Crop Protection under Protected Structure
Disease and Nematode Management in Horticultural Crops
Extension Methodologies and Transfer of Agricultural Technologies
Entrepreneurship in Horticultural Nursery
Floriculture and Landscape Gardening
Forestry, Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences
Fundamentals and Applications of Nano-Technology
Fundamentals, Economic Entomology and Sericulture
Fundamentals of Horticulture and Plant Propagation
Fundamentals of Soil Science
Genetics and Breeding of Horticultural Crops
Internship in Plantation and Hill Horticultural Crops
Interior Scaping and Dry Flower Production
Introduction to Computer Technology and Programming Languages
Landscape Planning, Designs and Turf Management
Livestock and Poultry Production Technology
Micro-Propagation of Horticultural Crops
Nursery Production of Annual Crops
Nutrient Management and Fertiliser Technology
Ornamental Gardening, Landscaping and Turf Management
Pest Management in Horticultural Crops
Practical Crop Production
Principles and Production Technology of Field Crops
Principles of Agricultural Economics
Principles of Plant Biotechnology
Principles of Plant Pathology
Principles of Seed Production and Quality Control in Horticultural Crops
Post Harvest Technology of Flowers, Spices, Medicinal and Aromatic Crops
Post Harvest Technology of Fruit and Vegetable Crops
Post Harvest Technology, Process Engineering and Value Addition in Horticultural Crops
Production of Bio Fertilizer and Bio-control Agents
Production Technology of Commercial Flowers, Medicinal and Aromatic Crops
Production Technology of Fruit Crops
Production Technology of Spices and Plantation Crops
Production Technology of Vegetable Crops
Propagation of Perennial Crops
Protected Cultivation of Horticultural Crops
Rural Agricultural Work Experience (RAWE)
Sericulture, Organic Manures and Bio Composting
Soft Skills for Personality Development
Soil Conservation, Water Management, Farm Machinery and Renewable Energy
They should have the ability to communicate, to provide practical and factual information in simple language, patience and ability to infuse enthusiasm for learning in students and work for long periods with intense concentration.
Candidates should have a keen analytical mind, and a strong scientific bent, eye for detail etc. which are essential skills for it.
They should be use to of doing work on their own basis, be part of a team, ability to get on well with people, as also tact and diplomacy.
Applicants must also have practical ability, good powers of observation to detect early signs of disease in plants.
How is B.Sc. (Hons) Horticulture Course Beneficial?
B.Sc. (Hons) (Horticulture) degree serves as a basis for further higher studies in this field such as M.Sc., Ph.D. and M.Phil. degree in Horticulture, the successful completion of which makes one eligible for the post of a lecturer in any university / college.
B.Sc. (Hons) (Horticulture) degree holders are eligible to do Masters in a number of specializations of Horticulture such as in Arboriculture, Floriculture, Landscape horticulture, Olericulture, Pomology, Viticulture, Postharvest physiology, etc.
They can also have jobs in industry, government or educational institutions or private concerns. Horticulturists also can work in wide areas like in agribusiness, arboriculture (planting and care of woody plants), botanical gardens, conservation, crop management, floral design, food chemistry, fruit and vegetable production, garden centres, greenhouses, grounds management, landscape construction and management, nurseries, management and sales, marketing / public relations, research and development, teaching/instruction, technical writing and publishing.