B.Sc. (Hons.) Geology

Bachelor of Science Honours in Geology

Duration: 3 Years
Level: Graduation
Type: Degree
Eligibility: 10+2 or Equivalent

B.Sc. (Hons.) Geology or Bachelor of Science Honours in Geology is an undergraduate Geology course. Geology is the science that comprising the study of solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which it evolves. B.Sc. (Hons.) Geology course generally covers the study of the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the Earth. It also includes the study of organisms that have inhabited our planet. In other words, B.Sc. (Hons.) (Geology) degree is the study to understand the history of our planet i.e. to understand processes such as landslides, earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions, past climates of earth and how they have changed across time, areas rich in under-water resources, oil, natural gas and minerals, suitable areas for construction of bridges, roads, buildings and laying railway lines etc.

B.Sc. (Hons.) Geology Eligibility

  • The basic eligibility criterion for pursuing B.Sc. (Hons.) (Geology) degree is qualifying 10+2 or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Some reputed colleges and institutes demand a minimum of 50% marks in 10+2 as qualifying criteria to secure admission in this degree course.
  • Some of the very reputed colleges and institutes also conduct an aptitude test to get admission to their B.Sc. (Hons.) (Geology) degree course.

Some of B.Sc. (Hons.) Geology Specializations

  • Economic Geology
  • Hydrogeology
  • Geomorphology
  • Geological Engineering
  • Mineralogy
  • Petrology
  • Planetology
  • Remote Sensing
  • Sedimentology
  • Structural Geology

B.Sc. (Hons.) Geology Syllabus

Syllabus of Geology as prescribed by various Universities and Colleges.

Sr. No.

Subjects of Study


Applied Palaeontology


Crystallography & Mineralogy


Environmental Geology (including Natural hazards)


Earth Resources & their Management


Geology of India




Geoprospecting and Mining


Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology


Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology


Introduction to Earth System Science


Ore Geology




Photo-geology, Remote Sensing and GIS


Principles of Stratigraphy and Sedimentation


Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering


Structural Geology & Tectonics


B.Sc. (Hons.) Geology Colleges

B.Sc. (Hons.) Geology Course Suitability

  • Candidates who have talents like producing, analyzing and summarizing information; applying knowledge and understanding to complex and multidimensional problems in familiar and unfamiliar contexts are the most suitable for this course.
  • They should have preparing, processing, interpreting and presenting data skills; using appropriate qualitative and quantitative techniques and good team work spirit.
  • They should be capable of solving numerical problems using computer and non-computer based techniques.
  • Applicants those who want to pursue Master’s degree after it objecting to become lecturer at colleges/universities level also are suitable match for it.

How is B.Sc. (Hons.) Geology Course Beneficial?

  • B.Sc. (Hons.) (Geology) degree serves as a basis for further higher studies in this field such as M.Sc., Ph.D. and M.Phil. Degree in Geology, the successful completion of which makes one eligible for the post of a lecturer in any university / college.
  • B.Sc. (Hons.) (Geology) degree holders have plenty of opportunities in some of its specialized fields such as in Economic Geology, Hydrogeology, Geomorphology, Geological Engineering, Mineralogy, Petrology, Planetology, Remote Sensing, Sedimentology and Structural Geology.
  • Other bright area for candidates are The Union Public Service Commission which conducts tests for placements in Central Government Agencies like the Geological Survey of India and the Central Ground water Board.
  • The degree is beneficial as they can get good jobs in the Central Ground Water Board and the Geological Survey of India, Coal India, Oil & Natural Gas Corporation, Mineral Exploration Authority, Hindustan Zinc.

B.Sc. (Hons.) Geology Employment Areas

  • Central Ground Water Board
  • Coal India
  • Defence and Para-Military Forces
  • Government Agencies
  • Geological Survey of India
  • Hindustan Zinc Limited
  • Mineral Exploration Authority
  • Non-Profit Organizations
  • Oil & Natural Gas Corporation
  • Construction Companies
  • Educational Institutes
  • Environmental Consulting Companies
  • Geological Surveys
  • Laboratories
  • Meteorological Departments
  • Natural Resource Companies
  • Research Agencies

B.Sc. (Hons.) Geology Job Types

  • Assistant  & Associate Professor
  • Completions Technologist
  • Development Geologist
  • Geological Advisor
  • Geological Tunnel Design Manager
  • Head of Wind Resource Assessment
  • Meteorologist
  • Oceanographer
  • Onshore Well-site Geologist
  • Processing Geophysicist
  • Researcher
  • Seismologist
  • Small Hydro Power Business Leader
  • Technical Sales Manager

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