Architecture Colleges in India can be called foundation stones for building varied career in architecture, quite coincidental! Architectural colleges in India are also synonymous with architect colleges in India and colleges of architecture in India. These are just different nomenclature used for institutes providing courses of architecture in India. Architecture in India is very ancient and can be traced back to Indus Valley Civilization during 3300 BCE-1300BCE. The civilization was known for its grid layout planning of the cities with roads at exact right angles. But the earliest architecture institute in India came up during 1857. Sir J J School of Architecture, Mumbai was the First Modern College which introduced a structured course in architecture. In prevalent times there are more than 135 institutes of architecture in India. The standards of education imparted in all architecture institutes in India is governed by Council of Architecture, a government regulatory body. These institutes include affiliated colleges/schools, constituent colleges, deemed universities, departments of universities, IITs, NITs and autonomous institutes. Maharashtra has the largest number of institutes offering architecture courses, followed by Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh.
All the architecture institutes in India provide B.Arch. and or M. Arch. as the main programme of architecture. Architecture institutes have very few Diploma and or Certificate courses. Admission in various architectural courses is based on merit in AIEEE and a few like NATA. Similar to acting and agriculture colleges in India, the best architecture colleges in India also belong to the government. In fact, 6 out of the top 10 architecture colleges in India, are government run.