B.Ed. stands for an Undergraduate Academic Course known as Bachelor of Education. Earlier it was known as Bachelor of Training (BT). It is a course offered for those who are interested in pursuing career in teaching and related fields. Also referred as ‘Bachelor in Education’ or in some universities as ‘Siksha Shastri’, it’s duration generally lasts 1 year. The 1 Year of Course consists of 2 or more Semesters. The duration of the 1st semester can be up-to 16 weeks and 2nd semester can be of 18 weeks (204 working days). Minimum duration for practice teaching varies form 5-6 weeks. Bachelor of Education consists of 8 Papers out of which 2 are Compulsory depending upon the Stream which one had taken during Graduation. Bachelor of Education Course can also be pursued through Correspondence or Distance Learning which is generally of 2 Years duration. 1 year B.Ed. corrospondence is a course whose prevalence is doubtful and as such one must confirm it from the respective institute. While students from Arts Stream are trained to teach subjects like History, Civics, Geography and Languages. The students from Science Stream are trained to teach Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The B.Ed. degree course is mandatory for teaching in higher primary schools and high schools. National Council for Teacher Education is statutory body which regulates courses in teaching in India. The B.Ed. degree is mandatory for teaching in higher primary schools and high schools. .
Students need to appear in an entrance test conducted by the various states and Independent educational bodies and universities for admission in various teaching institutions attached with it according to the rank of the candidate in the entrance exam.
These exams are generally held in the month of June-July and consists of Objective type questions on the subject of English, General Knowledge, Aptitude, Basic Arithmetic Teaching Potential and one local language in some states. The results of these exams are generally out by July/Aug. Candidates go through practical training courses, apart from theory classes. Know more about B.Ed. Entrance Test
Structural outline of B.Ed. Course as per Punjab University (2011)
1.1 General Professional Course of Theory Papers :
Paper-I Philosophical and Sociological Basis of Education
Paper-II The Learner - Nature and Development
Paper-III Teaching–Learning Process
Paper-IV (PART-A) School Management
(PART-B) Computer Education
Paper-V (PART-A) Guidance and Counselling
(PART-B) Any One of the following options :
(i) School Library Services (ii) Comparative Education (iii) Adult and Continuing Education (iv) Health and Physical Education (v) Education of Children with special needs (vi) Population Education (vii) Distance Education and Open Learning (viii) Environmental Education (xi) Yoga Education (x) Value Education (xi) Educational Technology (xii) Elementary Education (xiii) Women Education & Indian Society (xiv) Co-Curricular Activities in Schools (xv) E-Education Resource Development
1.2 PAPERS-VI & VII : Methodology of Teaching of any two of the following : [Marks : (External 90 + Internal 10) + (External 90 + Internal 10) = 200]
Teaching of English
Teaching of Life Science
Teaching of Hindi
Teaching of Physical Science
Teaching of Punjabi
Teaching of Home Science
Teaching of Sanskrit
Teaching of Fine Arts
Teaching of History
Teaching of Music
Teaching of Geography
Teaching of Physical Education
Teaching of Economics
Teaching of Agriculture
Teaching of Social Studies
Teaching of Computer Education
Teaching of Commerce
Teaching of Political Science
Teaching of Mathematics
Teaching of Public Administration
Teaching of Science
Teaching of Sociology
(a) B.Ed. course (through Correspondence) is spread over two years, wherein Theory Papers I, II, III, IV (a & b)and Practical Components II & III shall be covered in B.Ed. Part-I; and
(b) Theory Papers V (a & b), VI and VII and Practical Components I & IV shall be covered in B.Ed. Part-II.
A. There shall be four components of practical work. The distribution of the practical work shall be as under:MARKS
School Experience Programme
200 (For two teaching subjects)
Simple Expressional Competencies
Health & Sports Programme
A. Work Experience Programme
B. Co-curricular, Culture & Community Activities
The University may appoint the Co-ordinator in the interest of academics in the Colleges of Education.
B. Total marks on the basis of which the degree will be awarded to the candidates are as follow :-
IV A IV B
Total of parts I & II (700 + 400) : 1100 marks
To appear in the final exam., qualifying marks in each of these components should be 40%.
Related Higher academic qualifications
B.El.Ed. - The Bachelor of Elementary Education Course is a 4 year integrated professional degree programme of Elementary Teacher Education offered after the senior secondary (class XII) stage of school. It was conceptualized by the Maulana Azad Centre for Elementary and Social Education (MACESE) of the Department of Education, University of Delhi and launched in the academic year 1994-95, the programme is an attempt towards fulfilling the need for professionally qualified elementary school teachers. B.El.Ed. is designed to integrate the study of subject knowledge, human development, pedagogical knowledge and communication skills. Both professional and academic options are available to students who graduate with a B.El.Ed. degree.
D.Ed. - Diploma in Education or TCH is a course meant for developing teaching skills in primary and nursery schools in India. However the qualification for admission to this course is pass in pre university course. The course widens the understanding so that a teacher can impart quality education to the students.
M.Ed. - Master of Education is a Postgraduate Academic Master Degree Course which is awarded for an advanced course or program in Education. Eligibility is B.ED. pass. It provides advanced teaching and various aspects associated with it.
Advantages of pursuing B.Ed. Course
B.Ed. course makes an individual, skilled in efficient teaching of subjects on the basis of accepted principles of learning and teaching.
It develops our skills and widens our understanding so that we can impart quality education to our students.
Teaching provides job satisfaction, job security, high earnings and flexible schedule.
After B.Ed., students can pursue Master in Education (M.Ed.) in Indian universities.
Some of the Top Institutes providing B.Ed. Course
Almost every Central and State University offers Course in B.Ed.
In modern world, the scope of a Bachelors of Education is not limited to just teaching, one can be employed as administrator, assistant dean, content writer, counsellor, education researcher, instructor, librarian, military trainer, principle, syllabus designer and various other related jobs.
Some of the related job areas and fields for B.Ed. candidates: