Present Indefinite Tense - Simple Present Tense

Identification of the Tense: - Happening of the event is not sure/definite. Ex:-

  1. Rajiv goes to school.
  2. We play football.
  3. He does not study.
  4. Do they live here?

There is an element of uncertainty in all of the above given sentences.

Usage:- In simple present tense we usually use 

  1. First form of the verb + s/es (if the subject is singular) in simple sentences.
  2. First form of the verb + Do (with plural subject) / Does (if the subject is singular) in negative and interrogative sentences.



In first sentence "Rajiv goes to School."
Rajiv is singular noun carrying first form of the verb "go" with s and es attached to it.

In second sentence "We play football."
We being a  plural pronoun is carrying  first form of the verb "play" without s and es attached to it.

In the third sentence "He does not study."
Being a negative sentence  having a singular noun does not is used is used with verb "study".

In fourth sentence" Do they live here."
It is an interrogative sentence thus do(as pronoun is plural thus no s, es attached) is used before the pronoun along with the verb live.

Affirmative Sentences Negative Sentences

I study.

We study.

You study.

He studies.

They study.

Rohit studies.

Boys study.

I do not study.

We do not study.

You do not study.

He does not study.

They do not study.

Rohit does not study.

Boys do not study.


Interrogative Sentences Negative Interrogative Sentences

Do I study?

Do we study?

Do you study?

Does he/ she/ it study?

Do they study?

Does Rohit study?

Do girls study?

Do I not study?

Do we not study?

Do you not study?

Does he/ she/ it not study?

Do they not study?

Does Rohit not study?

Do girls not study?


Use of Simple Present Tense:-  

to express habitual action.

  • I smoke.
  • I always take my coffee without sugar.

This is the main use of tense.

The following adverbs or adverbial phrases are often used in this tense:
Usually, generally, occasionally, rarely, always, often, sometimes, never, ever, on Sundays, once a week,/ month/ year etc.

to express general or universal truths.

  • The sun sets in the west.
  • Water boils at 100 degree Celsius.
  • Man is mortal.

to express a fact or something which is true at present?

  • All trains stop at this station.
  • He teaches Maths in a school.

to express future action planned in advance, especially concerning a  journey or    programme.

  • The train leaves at seven in the morning.
  • Schools close in May for summer vacation and reopen in June.

to introduce quotations with the verb ‘say’.

  • The notice says, “No parking.”
  • Keats says, “A thing of beauty is a joy forever.”

to express a past event in a dramatic manner.

  • Alexander raises his hand and salutes Porus.
  • Abhimanyu fights bravely but is killed in the end.

in running commentaries on sporting events.

  • Aman passes the ball to Mohinder who Kicks it past the goalkeeper.

in exclamatory sentences beginning with ‘here’ and ‘there’.

  • There goes the bell!
  • Here comes the train!

in ‘Time Clauses’ and ‘Conditional Clauses’ in place of future tense.

  • We shall start when the sun rises.
  • If you work hard, you will succeed.


Simple Present Tense Exercises



Present Tense

Past Tense

Future Tense

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