Nanotechnology is a branch of engineering that deals with manipulating matter on an atomic and molecular scale. To be specific, it is a use of matter which is smaller than 100 nanometers (a metric unit of length equal to one billionth of a meter). Nanotechnology Courses in India are quite popular even though this field is still emerging in India. Nanotechnology is popularly known as ‘The Science of the Miniature’ because it uses very small particles i.e. a Nano; one nanometer (nm) is one billionth, or 10−9, of a meter. In layman terms, nano-materials are 5,000 to 50,000 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair. The uses of nanotechnology are varied and very useful in reducing the size of almost anything. Nanotechnology has the potential of developing materials, devices, or other structures at a molecular level. It can develop atomic-size computer devices on silicon chips, or build molecules that can sense particular bacteria or viruses or can be used as catalyst powders which can use sunlight to control pollutants. It has the potential of creating unbelievable instruments and gadgets which can and are on the way to revolutionise the world. However, on the other hand there are concerns as the field is of recent origin, there is lack of substantial research on it's impact and lack or improper policy framework. Because of this, Nanotechnology is considered either a blessing or a curse. A Nanotechnology Professional is known as Nanotechnologist. A Nanotechnologist can be a technician, inventor, policy maker etc. But mostly a Nanotechnologist is a Researcher as research and development are the most important sectors of Nanotechnology. Nanotechnology and Nanoscience are interdisciplinary fields that combine physics, chemistry, and biology. To define - Nanoscience is the study of objects at nanometer scale, and deriving theoretical concepts and governing laws for them whereas nanaotechnology uses and manipulates nanos to produce useful applications. It is the suffix which changes in both the terms, thus it can be concluded that difference between these two fields is like differentiating science and technology.
Some of its specialized fields of Nenotechnolory are:
Nanoscale Technology – It covers small structures and can be used for introducing stronger materials, better medicines, faster computers etc.
Molecular Manufacturing – It is used to build mechanical and chemical manufacturing systems that join molecules together.
Nanotechnology Courses in India: Content
Nanotechnology Courses in India includes all or few of these –
Elements of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Properties of Nanomaterials
Nanotechnology Courses in India: Objectives
To facilitate collaborative efforts and provide infrastructural facilities to global investors.
To increase Nanotechnology awareness through Nano-training, education and publication.
To facilitate funding opportunities for Nano-research, product development and commercialization.
Nanotechnology Courses in India : Basic Requirements and Education
Candidates those who have passed their 10+2 with science or its equivalent exam can go for this 4 years degree course i.e. B.Tech. or 3 years B.Sc. (Nanotechnology).
For M.Tech., one needs to have a bachelor's degree in science or engineering with a minimum of 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Life Sciences and with PCM (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) as subsidiary subjects.
Nanotechnology is largely a Research based field; one needs to have an open, enquiring and scientific bent of mind with sound analytical skills and a natural propensity for research work. One needs to be hard working and should have a solid background in physics and chemistry. Skills in mathematics and computer programming are an added asset.
Nanotechnology Jobs are available research and development (R& D) in various sectors. Nanotechnology is being used in designing medical diagnostic devices to building better batteries, from creating cosmetics to enhancing energy efficient windows, from auto and plane manufacturing to researching the nature of matter itself. Major employers in India are CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research); it has set up 38 laboratories to carry out research and development work in Nanotechnology. Other firms includeCranes Software International Limited, Bangalore; Monad Nanotech Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai; Velbionanotech, Bangalore; Qtech Nanosystems (P) Ltd, Bangalore; Innovations Unified Technology, Mumbai etc. There is considerable demand for all levels of professionals whether they have bachelors, masters or doctorate qualifications. One can also go for nanotechnology careers on foreign shores, there is lot of opportunities in U.S. for Indian Engineers and Scientists. As per National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network (US)- Nanotechnology job projections are estimated to be nearly two million workers worldwide by 2015. Minatec, Meticulum, Johnson & Johnson are few of the employers abroad.
One can start with a monthly salary of Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 30,000 in any nanotech company. The pay scales vary in public and private sectors. The further rise is manifold and perks could be much more.