Petroleum Engineering is that Engineering which is concerned with the subsurface activities related to the production of hydrocarbons, which can be either crude oil or natural gas. Petroleum Engineering courses in India are a great way to kick start ones career especially those who are interested in aspects related to petroleum. It would be ideal to know about this field before knowing about its education. Petroleum Engineering, in other words, is the discipline in which the principles of Geology, Physics and Engineering are applied for the recovery, development and processing of petroleum. Petroleum finds application in plastics, paints, polymers, soaps, medicines, transportation, cooking food in the form of LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) or kerosene. The different components of petroleum are petrol, diesel, kerosene, LPG, gasoline, pitch or bitumen, bunker oil, aviation turbine fuel, asphalt, CNG (Compressed Natural Gas), mineral oil, petroleum jelly and lubricants. The process of development and processing is divided into Upstream Sector and Downstream Sector. Oil and Gas Industry, which are the activities of finding and producing hydrocarbons comes under Upstream Sector. Refining and Distribution to a market comes under Downstream Sector. Exploration, by earth scientists and petroleum engineering are the oil and gas industry's two main subsurface disciplines, which focus on maximizing economic recovery of hydrocarbons from subsurface reservoirs.
Petroleum geology and geophysics focus on provision of a static description of the hydrocarbon reservoir rock, while petroleum engineering focuses on estimation of the recoverable volume of this resource using a detailed understanding of the physical behaviour of oil, water and gas within porous rock at very high pressure. Petroleum engineering requires a good knowledge of many other related disciplines, such as geophysics, petroleum geology, formation evaluation (well logging), drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, well engineering, artificial lift systems and oil & gas facilities engineering. The combined efforts of geologists and petroleum engineers throughout the life of a hydrocarbon accumulation determine the way in which a reservoir is developed and depleted, and usually they have the highest impact on field economics. Petroleum engineers in each stage of oil field evaluation, development and production of hydrocarbons. A Petroleum Engineer usually works in a team comprising professionals drawn from different disciplines. A Petroleum Engineer has to work with geophysicists, geologists, well log analysts, safety engineers, environmental / regulatory specialists etc.
Some of its specialized fields are -
Oil & Gas Exploration
Instrumentation & Control
Modelling And Virtual Reality
The study of this field includes all or few of these –
Exploration of hydrocarbons
Petroleum Geology & Petrophysics
To facilitate students in understanding, developing, integrating and applying different areas of technology on the Oil & Gas sector.
To promote strong, effective and mutually beneficial Industry-University Partnership.
To provide transparent, speedy, result-oriented and student-centred e-governance.
Basic qualification is 10+2 examination with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as subjects to pursue aBachelor’s course in Petroleum Engineering. One should have completed B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology) or B.E. (Bachelor of Engineering) in chemical or petroleum engineering in order to pursue an M.Tech (Master of Technology) degree in Petroleum Engineering. One who has completed an M.Sc. course in Chemistry is also eligible to pursue a M.E course in Petroleum Engineering.
For a list of Petroleum Courses in India, scroll down at the end of the page.
Petroleum is of immense value for any country. It's various components like diesel, kerosene etc. find application in various industries and hence the importance of petroleum for the national economy. As Petroleum Engineers are engaged in these globe wide activity, there is a consistent demand for extracting and processing oil and natural gas reservoirs. The technological advancement is boosting exploration as well as discovery rate, thereby increasing a demand for engineers. Petroleum engineers work largely with the petroleum industry and therefore they are their major employees. In India ONGC, Indian Oil, Oil India and Bharat Petroleum are the main employers.