Medical is the study or practice of medicine. It covers a wide range of health care practices which include prevention and treatment of illness to maintain and restore health. Medical is one of the professions which has the most stable future because there is no dearth of clients who want to get well or look well. No other profession commands such profit and respect as the medical profession.
There are two basic categories in Medical - Medicine and Surgery.
Medicine - It is the practice of non-operative medicine. Most sub specialties in this area require preliminary training in Internal Medicine. Internal medicine deals with those diseases that affect the body as a whole. It excludes pediatrics, surgery, gynecology and obstetrics and psychiatry. Practitioners of such specialties are referred to as physicians.
There are several subdisciplines of internal medicine. Some of these are -
Critical care medicine
Surgery - It is the practice of operative medicine. Most subspecialties in this area require preliminary training in General Surgery. A Surgeons decides when an operation is necessary and also treat many non-surgical cases, especially those in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit where issues of critical nature arise.
Surgery has many subspecialties. Some of these are -
Specialties of medicine - These include -
Diagnostic specialties - These are Pathology, Radiology ,Clinical neurophysiology, Clinical chemistry, Hematology, Clinical microbiology, Clinical immunology etc.
Interdisciplinary specialities - General practice, Bioethics, Biomedical Engineering, Sports medicine, Veterinary medicine, Wilderness medicine etc.
Sub specialities - Ophthalmology, Dermatology, Emergency medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology, Pediatrics, Psychiatry etc.
There are different types of medical jobs. Healthcare is the largest industry, showing the highest amount of growth of any other field. All the included medical jobs are in very high demand and have a significant growth, mostly due to the aging population and advancements in health care. Super specialty hospitals are flourishing and offering employment opportunities in abroad as well locally. These opportunities for professionals provide gains in terms of remuneration, research and working facilities.