Science refers to a system of acquiring knowledge based on scientific method. It is also an organized body of knowledge which has been gained through research.Science is independent of religious, political, cultural, or philosophical outlook. Its objective is to discover and increase human understanding of how things work.
Science is such a discipline which is prominent in all spheres of life and there is no work or industry which does not use science principles. Science has become and integral part of human life as it fulfills our day to day requirements. Its subject area is vast and unlimited, be it medicine, food, education, building, language etc.
1. Natural sciences - Science which deals with the objects, phenomena, laws of nature and the physical world.
Some Disciplines of Natural sciences -
Earth sciences etc.
2. Formal sciences - Science which is concerned with theoretical formal systems including symbols and theoretical rules.
Some disciplines of Formal sciences -
Systems science etc.
3. Social sciences - Science which deals with the study of human society and of individual relationships.
Some disciplines of Social sciences -
4. Applied sciences - Science which deals with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems.
Some disciplines of Applied sciences -
Health sciences etc.
There is no shortage of job opportunities in numerous areas of Science. The key areas of development and employment include the pharmaceutical industry, biotechnology, bio informatics, contract research, food industry, water conservation, gene therapy etc.
Importance of Science in Study and Career
1. Studying science equips candidates with essential skills which are very employable whether scientific or non-scientific area.
2. Problem solving is another skill which can be mastered within science. It is essential to employers in all fields, especially when it is extended to evaluating alternative solutions.
3. Experience in communication skills is another gain in this field. While presenting their verbal or written work candidates become so competent at expressing a logical argument, debating and persuading that it becomes a habit for them which is an indispensable skill in the workplace.
4. The skills gained from studying science are versatile, transferable and applicable to any profession. Science is not only relevant in many science-related jobs, such as engineering, information technology etc. but it is also relevant in non-science jobs like banking, teaching, marketing, law etc.
5. Achieving further qualification in science bring greater rewards in monetary terms and future as compared to other subjects.
6. Study of some non-scientific subjects means that those with degrees in the arts or humanities may soon find that they are not able to earn enough to compensate for the amount that they paid for their university education. While some will continue to profit from the amount they spent on their degrees like accountancy but others may gain only a small, or even a nil, return to their investment in higher education.
7. Science is omnipresent in modern society. Science is vital to ensure the survival of our planet by developing new or alternative solutions for everything from fuel production to waste disposal. With current issues such as gene therapy,oil depletion etc., the contribution of future scientists has a crucial role to play be it developing new communications solutions or contributing to make the world a better place.